As reported in Newsday on August 23, 2011, there is an exciting study being conducted at Winthrop Hospital using hyperbaric oxygen therapy to treat glioblastoma, the most common and aggressive form of brain cancer. The head researchers theorize that by inhaling pure oxygen, patients force more oxygen into the brain, thereby allowing radiation and chemotherapy to be more effective. The researchers anticipate the success of the study because glioblastomas thrive in anaerobic conditions where oxygen is prevented from entering the tumors. Healthy brain cells, however, crave pure oxygen, which can be delivered extremely efficiently under pressure during hyperbaric oxygen therapy. The study follows up on positive findings from recent research out of Japan, which revealed greater survival rates in brain cancer patients treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Despite the anticipated positive results of the study, however, hospital-based hyperbaric facilities in Long Island do not offer the therapy for cancer patients. At HMS, we treat all patients that may benefit from hyperbaric oxygen therapy, including cancer patients.